Global Analysis of the E. coli Toxin MazF Reveals Widespread Cleavage of mRNA and the Inhibition of rRNA Maturation and Ribosome Biogenesis
Author(s)Culviner, Peter Holmes; Laub, Michael T
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Toxin-antitoxin systems are widely distributed genetic modules that regulate growth and persistence in bacteria. Many systems, including E. coli MazEF, include toxins that are endoribonucleases, but the full set of targets for these toxins remains poorly defined. Previous studies on a limited set of transcripts suggested that MazF creates a pool of leaderless mRNAs that are preferentially translated by specialized ribosomes created through MazF cleavage of mature 16S rRNA. Here, using paired-end RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and ribosome profiling, we provide a comprehensive, global analysis of MazF cleavage specificity and its targets. We find that MazF cleaves most transcripts at multiple sites within their coding regions, with very few full-length, leaderless mRNAs created. Additionally, our results demonstrate that MazF does not create a large pool of specialized ribosomes but instead rapidly disrupts ribosome biogenesis by targeting both ribosomal protein transcripts and rRNA precursors, helping to inhibit cell growth. MazF is the endoribonuclease of the MazEF toxin-antitoxin system. Using RNA-seq and ribosome profiling, Culviner and Laub demonstrate that MazF creates neither leaderless transcripts nor specialized ribosomes, as previously suggested. Instead, it cleaves multiple sites in most mRNAs while disrupting ribosome biogenesis by targeting ribosomal-protein transcripts and rRNA precursors.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology
Culviner, Peter H. and Michael T. Laub. "Global Analysis of the E. coli Toxin MazF Reveals Widespread Cleavage of mRNA and the Inhibition of rRNA Maturation and Ribosome Biogenesis." Molecular Cell 70, 5 (June 2018): P868-880.e10 © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
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