Doping α-Al2O3 to reduce its hydrogen permeability: thermodynamic assessment of hydrogen defects and solubility from first principles
Author(s)Somjit, Vrindaa; Yildiz, Bilge
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© 2019 Acta Materialia Inc. This paper assesses the role of doping on the hydrogen permeability and electronic properties of α-Al 2 O 3 . Formation energies of intrinsic and extrinsic defects in α-Al 2 O 3 were calculated using density functional theory. Using these energies as input, a thermodynamic model was utilized to identify the equilibrium defect concentrations (barring hydrogen defects) in undoped and doped α-Al 2 O 3 under aluminization conditions of 1100 K, over a range of p O2 at a fixed doping level of 1 ppm. Defect concentrations calculated at 1100 K under p O2 -rich conditions were used as input to establish hydrogen and electronic defect concentrations under functional conditions of 300 K, over a range of p H2 . The effect of dopants on the fraction of free hydrogen interstitials, which has implications on diffusivity, and the overall hydrogen solubility, was found to be substantial and distinct. Relative to the undoped case, Mg-doping increased the concentration of free hydrogen interstitials, the primary diffusing species, by 10 7 times, whereas Ti-, Si-, Fe-, Cr-doping eliminated it to negligible amounts. Comparing the impact on total hydrogen solubility, Mg-doping increased it by 10 4 times; Fe- and Cr-doping increased it negligibly by ∼1.5 times. In contrast, Ti- and Si- doping decreased it to nearly 1/3 that of the undoped case. Analyzing the role of isolated defect concentrations and binding energies of defect complexes helps elucidate these effects. Effect of dopant concentrations of 10 and 100 ppm was also investigated, with the conclusion that doping with Si and Ti at 1 ppm is the best strategy to reduce hydrogen diffusivity and solubility by the greatest amount. The findings aid in the design of effective hydrogen permeation barrier layers for use in hydrogen storage and transport infrastructure as well as in the understanding of defect states in Al 2 O 3 used in electronic devices, such as resistive switching.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Laboratory for Electrochemical Interfaces; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering
Somjit, Vrindaa and Bilge Yildiz. “Doping α-Al2O3 to reduce its hydrogen permeability: thermodynamic assessment of hydrogen defects and solubility from first principles.” Acta Materialia, 169, (May 2019): 172-183 © 2019 The Author(s)
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