Cell swelling, softening and invasion in a three-dimensional breast cancer model
Author(s)Han, Yulong; Pegoraro, Adrian F.; Li, Hui; Li, Kaifu; Yuan, Yuan; Xu, Guoqiang; Gu, Zichen; Sun, Jiawei; Hao, Yukun; Gupta, Satish Kumar; Li, Yiwei; Tang, Wenhui; Kang, Hua; Teng, Lianghong; Fredberg, Jeffrey J.; Guo, Ming; ... Show more Show less
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Control of the structure and function of three-dimensional multicellular tissues depends critically on the spatial and temporal coordination of cellular physical properties, yet the organizational principles that govern these events and their disruption in disease remain poorly understood. Using a multicellular mammary cancer organoid model, we map here the spatial and temporal evolution of positions, motions and physical characteristics of individual cells in three dimensions. Compared with cells in the organoid core, cells at the organoid periphery and the invasive front are found to be systematically softer, larger and more dynamic. These mechanical changes are shown to arise from supracellular fluid flow through gap junctions, the suppression of which delays the transition to an invasive phenotype. These findings highlight the role of spatiotemporal coordination of cellular physical properties in tissue organization and disease progression.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Han, Yu Long et al. "Cell swelling, softening and invasion in a three-dimensional breast cancer model." Nature Physics 16, 1 (October 2019): 101–108 © 2019 The Author(s)
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