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dc.contributor.authorPrice, Max D
dc.contributor.authorRowan, Yorke M.
dc.contributor.authorKersel, Morag M.
dc.contributor.authorMakarewicz, Cheryl A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-05T23:52:21Z
dc.date.available2020-11-05T23:52:21Z
dc.date.issued2020-03
dc.date.submitted2019-08
dc.identifier.issn1866-9557
dc.identifier.issn1866-9565
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/128382
dc.description.abstractThe emergence of social complexity in the Southern Levant during the Chalcolithic (c. 4500–3600 cal. BC) was intimately tied to intensification in animal management. For the first time, secondary products such as milk and wool were intensively exploited, supplying communities with increasingly diverse foodstuffs and raw materials for craft production and exchange, but the precise herding practices underlying these new production strategies are unknown. Here, we explore the role of multi-species livestock pasturing through carbon and nitrogen isotopic analysis of animal bones from Marj Rabba (Har Hasha’avi, West) in the Lower Galilee (ca. 4600–4200 cal. BC). Isotopic results suggest different pasturing/foddering of sheep compared with goats. Cattle were largely pastured locally, but high δ13C values in some animals indicate access to the Jordan River Valley (the Ghor in Arabic), where major Chalcolithic settlements were situated. This may indicate some cattle were moved along regional Chalcolithic exchange networks established for other prestige objects, such as copper. Finally, we provide evidence for moderate 15N enrichment in pigs relative to herbivorous livestock indicates. Possible interpretations include consumption of nuts (esp. acorns), household refuse containing animal protein, and/or fattening pigs on grain. Although an interpretation that requires further exploration, grain foddering of pigs would complement the zooarchaeological data for early slaughter, which suggests intensive meat production at Marj Rabba. It might also help explain why pig husbandry, as a drain on grain stockpiles, was gradually abandoned during the Bronze Age. Taken together, the isotopic and zooarchaeological data indicate an economy in transition from a non-specialized, household-based Neolithic economy to one in which the production of agrarian wealth, including animal secondary products, was beginning to emerge.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLCen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-020-01043-zen_US
dc.rightsArticle is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use.en_US
dc.sourceSpringer Berlin Heidelbergen_US
dc.titleFodder, pasture, and the development of complex society in the Chalcolithic: isotopic perspectives on animal husbandry at Marj Rabbaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.citationPrice, Max et al. "Fodder, pasture, and the development of complex society in the Chalcolithic: isotopic perspectives on animal husbandry." Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 12, 4 (March 2020): 95 © 2020 Springer-Verlagen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.relation.journalArchaeological and Anthropological Sciencesen_US
dc.eprint.versionAuthor's final manuscripten_US
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticleen_US
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerRevieweden_US
dc.date.updated2020-09-24T21:06:44Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.rights.holderSpringer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
dspace.embargo.termsY
dspace.date.submission2020-09-24T21:06:44Z
mit.journal.volume12en_US
mit.journal.issue4en_US
mit.licensePUBLISHER_POLICY


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