100 Years of Progress in Tropical Cyclone Research
Author(s)Emanuel, Kerry Andrew
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A century ago, meteorologists regarded tropical cyclones as shallow vortices, extending upward only a few kilometers into the troposphere, and nothing was known about their physics save that convection was somehow involved. As recently as 1938, a major hurricane struck the densely populated northeastern United States with no warning whatsoever, killing hundreds. In the time since the American Meteorological Society was founded, however, tropical cyclone research blossomed into an endeavor of great breadth and depth, encompassing fields ranging from atmospheric and oceanic dynamics to biogeochemistry, and the precision and scope of forecasts and warnings have achieved a level of success that would have been regarded as impossible only a few decades ago. This chapter attempts to document the extraordinary progress in tropical cyclone research over the last century and to suggest some avenues for productive research over the next one.
DepartmentLorenz Center (Massachusetts Institute of Technology); Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences
American Meteorological Society
Emanuel, Kerry. "100 Years of Progress in Tropical Cyclone Research." Meteorological Monographs 59 (January 2018): 15.1-15.68. © 2018 American Meteorological Society
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