Attribute Affinity: U.S. Natives’ Attitudes Toward Immigrants
Author(s)Berinsky, Adam; Rizzo, Tesalia; Rosenzweig, Leah R.; Heaps, Elisha
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We examine the extent to which relevant social identity traits shared between two individuals—what we term “attribute affinity”—can moderate out-group hostility. We argue that in-group affinity is a powerful force in shaping preferences over potential immigrants. We focus on two closely related, yet distinct, dimensions of identity: religion and religiosity. Using evidence from three surveys that included two embedded experiments, we show that sharing strength in religious practice can diminish strong aversion to immigrants of different religious affiliations. We find that, among highly religious U.S. natives, anti-Muslim bias is lower toward very religious Muslims, compared to non-religious Muslims. This attenuating effect of attribute affinity with respect to religiosity on anti-Muslim bias presents the strongest evidence supporting our argument.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Political Science
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Berinsky, Adam J. et al. "Attribute Affinity: U.S. Natives’ Attitudes Toward Immigrants." Political Behavior 42, 3 (December 2018): 745–768 © 2018 Springer Science Business Media, LLC
Author's final manuscript