Holographic systems far from equilibrium: a review
Author(s)Liu, Hong; Sonner, Julian
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In this paper we give an overview of some recent progress in using holography to study various far-from-equilibrium condensed matter systems. Non-equilibrium problems are notoriously difficult to deal with, not to mention at strong coupling and when including quantum effects. Remarkably, using holographic duality one can describe and follow the real-time evolution of far-from-equilibrium systems, including those which are spatially inhomogeneous and anisotropic, by solving partial differential gravity equations. We sample developments in two broad classes of question which have recently been of much interest to the condensed matter community: non-equilibrium steady states, and quantum systems undergoing a global quench. Our discussion focuses on the main physical insights obtained from the gravity approaches, rather than comprehensive treatment of each topic or detailed descriptions of gravity calculations. The paper also includes an overview of current numerical techniques, as well as the holographic Schwinger-Keldysh approach to real-time correlation functions. ©2019 IOP Publishing Ltd.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Theoretical Physics
Reports on Progress in Physics
Liu, Hong and Julian Sonner, "Holographic systems far from equilibrium: a review." Reports on Progress in Physics 83, 1 (January 2020): 016001 doi. 10.1088/1361-6633/ab4f91 ©2019 Authors