Algorithms for FFT Beamforming Radio Interferometers
Author(s)Masui, Kiyoshi; Shaw, J Richard; Ng, Cherry; Smith, Kendrick M; Vanderlinde, Keith; Paradise, Adiv; ... Show more Show less
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Radio interferometers consisting of identical antennas arranged on a regular lattice permit fast Fourier transform beamforming, which reduces the correlation cost fromω (n2) in the number of antennas toω(n log n). We develop a formalism for describing this process and apply this formalism to derive a number of algorithms with a range of observational applications. These include algorithms for forming arbitrarily pointed tied-array beams from the regularly spaced Fourier transform-formed beams, sculpting the beams to suppress sidelobes while only losing percent-level sensitivity, and optimally estimating the position of a detected source from its observed brightness in the set of beams. We also discuss the effect that correlations in the visibility-space noise, due to cross talk and sky contributions, have on the optimality of Fourier transform beamforming, showing that it does not strictly preserve the sky information of the n2 correlation, even for an idealized array. Our results have applications to a number of upcoming interferometers, in particular the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment-Fast Radio Burst (CHIME/FRB) project. ©2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
DepartmentMIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
American Astronomical Society
Masui, Kiyoshi W. et al., "Algorithms for FFT Beamforming Radio Interferometers." Astrophysical Journal 879, 1 (July 2019): 16 ©2019 Authors
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