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dc.contributor.authorCatalini, Christian
dc.contributor.authorFons-Rosen, Christian
dc.contributor.authorGaulé, Patrick
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-11T20:54:38Z
dc.date.available2021-02-11T20:54:38Z
dc.date.issued2020-08
dc.date.submitted2017-02
dc.identifier.issn0025-1909
dc.identifier.issn1526-5501
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/129745
dc.description.abstractWe develop a simple theoretical framework for thinking about how geographic frictions, and in particular travel costs, shape scientists' collaboration decisions and the types of projects that are developed locally versus over distance. We then take advantage of a quasi-experiment-the introduction of new routes by a low-cost airline-to test the predictions of the theory. Results show that travel costs constitute an important friction to collaboration: after a low-cost airline enters, the number of collaborations increases between 0.3 and 1.1 times, a result that is robust to multiple falsification tests and causal in nature. The reduction in geographic frictions is particularly beneficial for high-quality scientists that are otherwise embedded in worse local environments. Consistent with the theory, lower travel costs also endogenously change the types of projects scientists engage in at different levels of distance. After the shock, we observe an increase in higher-quality and novel projects, as well as projects that take advantage of complementary knowledge and skills between subfields, and that rely on specialized equipment. We test the generalizability of our findings from chemistry to a broader data set of scientific publications and to a different field where specialized equipment is less likely to be relevant, mathematics. Last, we discuss implications for the formation of collaborative research and development teams over distance.en_US
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherInstitute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS)en_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.2019.3381en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/en_US
dc.sourceINFORMSen_US
dc.titleHow Do Travel Costs Shape Collaboration?en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.citationCatalini, Christian et al. "How Do Travel Costs Shape Collaboration?" Management Science 66, 8 (August 2020): 3295-3798 © 2020 The Author(s)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentSloan School of Managementen_US
dc.relation.journalManagement Scienceen_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticleen_US
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerRevieweden_US
dc.date.updated2021-02-08T17:33:37Z
dspace.orderedauthorsCatalini, C; Fons-Rosen, C; Gaulé, Pen_US
dspace.date.submission2021-02-08T17:35:12Z
mit.journal.volume66en_US
mit.journal.issue8en_US
mit.licensePUBLISHER_CC


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