Suspended Nanochannel Resonator Arrays with Piezoresistive Sensors for High-Throughput Weighing of Nanoparticles in Solution
Author(s)Gagino, Marco; Katsikis, Georgios; Olcum, Selim A.; Virot, Leopold; Cochet, Martine; Thuaire, Aurélie; Manalis, Scott R; Agache, Vincent; ... Show more Show less
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As the use of nanoparticles is expanding in many industrial sectors, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics among others, flow-through characterization techniques are often required for in-line metrology. Among the parameters of interest, the concentration and mass of nanoparticles can be informative for yield, aggregates formation or even compliance with regulation. The Suspended Nanochannel Resonator (SNR) can offer mass resolution down to the attogram scale precision in a flow-through format. However, since the readout has been based on the optical lever, operating more than a single resonator at a time has been challenging. Here we present a new architecture of SNR devices with piezoresistive sensors that allows simultaneous readout from multiple resonators. To enable this architecture, we push the limits of nanofabrication to create implanted piezoresistors of nanoscale thickness (∼100 nm) and implement an algorithm for designing SNRs with dimensions optimized for maintaining attogram scale precision. Using 8-in. processing technology, we fabricate parallel array SNR devices which contain ten resonators. While maintaining a precision similar to that of the optical lever, we demonstrate a throughput of 40 »000 particles per hour - an order of magnitude improvement over a single device with an analogous flow rate. Finally, we show the capability of the SNR array device for measuring polydisperse solutions of gold particles ranging from 20 to 80 nm in diameter. We envision that SNR array devices will open up new possibilities for nanoscale metrology by measuring not only synthetic but also biological nanoparticles such as exosomes and viruses.
DepartmentKoch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Gagino, Marco et al. "Suspended Nanochannel Resonator Arrays with Piezoresistive Sensors for High-Throughput Weighing of Nanoparticles in Solution." ACS Sensors 5, 4 (April 2020): 1230–1238. © 2020 American Chemical Society
Author's final manuscript