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dc.contributor.authorRaz, Gal
dc.contributor.authorSaxe, Rebecca
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-03T19:48:14Z
dc.date.available2021-12-03T19:48:14Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/138317
dc.description.abstract<jats:p> A common view of learning in infancy emphasizes the role of incidental sensory experiences from which increasingly abstract statistical regularities are extracted. In this view, infant brains initially support basic sensory and motor functions, followed by maturation of higher-level association cortex. Here, we critique this view and posit that, by contrast and more like adults, infants are active, endogenously motivated learners who structure their own learning through flexible selection of attentional targets and active interventions on their environment. We further argue that the infant brain, and particularly the prefrontal cortex (PFC), is well equipped to support these learning behaviors. We review recent progress in characterizing the function of the infant PFC, which suggests that, as in adults, the PFC is functionally specialized and highly connected. Together, we present an integrative account of infant minds and brains, in which the infant PFC represents multiple intrinsic motivations, which are leveraged for active learning. </jats:p>en_US
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherAnnual Reviewsen_US
dc.relation.isversionof10.1146/ANNUREV-DEVPSYCH-121318-084841en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alikeen_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/en_US
dc.sourcePsyArXiven_US
dc.titleLearning in Infancy Is Active, Endogenously Motivated, and Depends on the Prefrontal Corticesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.citationRaz, Gal and Saxe, Rebecca. 2020. "Learning in Infancy Is Active, Endogenously Motivated, and Depends on the Prefrontal Cortices." Annual Review of Developmental Psychology, 2 (1).
dc.relation.journalAnnual Review of Developmental Psychologyen_US
dc.eprint.versionOriginal manuscripten_US
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticleen_US
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/NonPeerRevieweden_US
dc.date.updated2021-12-03T19:43:17Z
dspace.orderedauthorsRaz, G; Saxe, Ren_US
dspace.date.submission2021-12-03T19:43:20Z
mit.journal.volume2en_US
mit.journal.issue1en_US
mit.licenseOPEN_ACCESS_POLICY
mit.metadata.statusAuthority Work and Publication Information Neededen_US


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