The 2005 Chios Ancient Shipwreck Survey: New Methods for Underwater Archaeology
Author(s)Foley, Brendan; Dellaporta, Katerina; Sakellariou, Dimitris; Bingham, Brian S.; Camilli, Richard; Eustice, Ryan M.; Evagelistis, Dionysis; Ferrini, Vicki Lynn; Katsaros, Kostas; Kourkoumelis, Dimitris; Mallios, Aggelos; Micha, Paraskevi; Mindell, David A.; Roman, Christopher; Singh, Hanumant; Switzer, David S.; Theodoulou, Theotokis; ... Show more Show less
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In 2005 a Greek and American interdisciplinary team investigated two shipwrecks off the coast of Chios dating to the 4th-century b.c. and the 2nd/1st century. The project pioneered archaeological methods of precision acoustic, digital image, and chemical survey using an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) and in-situ sensors, increasing the speed of data acquisition while decreasing costs. The AUV recorded data revealing the physical dimensions, age, cargo, and preservation of the wrecks. The earlier wreck contained more than 350 amphoras, predominantly of Chian type, while the Hellenistic wreck contained about 40 Dressel 1C amphoras. Molecular biological analysis of two amphoras from the 4th-century wreck revealed ancient DNA of olive, oregano, and possibly mastic, part of a cargo outbound from Chios.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Program in Science, Technology and Society
The American School of Classical Studies at Athens
Foley, Brendan et al. “The 2005 Chios Ancient Shipwreck Survey: New Methods for Underwater Archaeology.” Hesperia 78.2 (2009): 269-305.
Final published version