Author(s)Gillies, Anthony S.; von Fintel, Kai
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Epistemic modals are standardly taken to be context-dependent quantifiers over possibilities. Thus sentences containing them get truth-values with respect to both a context and an index. But some insist that this relativization is not relative enough: `might'-claims, they say, only get truth-values with respect to contexts, indices, and—the new wrinkle—points of assessment (hence, CIA). Here we argue against such "relativist" semantics. We begin with a sketch of the motivation for such theories and a generic formulation of them. Then we catalogue central problems that any such theory faces. We end by outlining an alternative story.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences
Duke University Press
von Fintel, Kai, and Anthony S. Gillies. “CIA Leaks.” Philosophical Review 117.1 (2008): 77-98.
Final published version