Pressure-driven, resistive magnetohydrodynamic interchange instabilities in laser-produced high-energy-density plasmas
Author(s)Li, Chikang; Frenje, Johan A.; Petrasso, Richard D.; Seguin, Fredrick Hampton; Amendt, P. A.; Landen, O. L.; Town, R. P. J.; Betti, R.; Meyerhofer, D. D.; Soures, J. M.; ... Show more Show less
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Recent experiments using proton backlighting of laser-foil interactions provide unique opportunities for studying magnetized plasma instabilities in laser-produced high-energy-density plasmas. Time-gated proton radiograph images indicate that the outer structure of a magnetic field entrained in a hemispherical plasma bubble becomes distinctly asymmetric after the laser turns off. It is shown that this asymmetry is a consequence of pressure-driven, resistive magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) interchange instabilities. In contrast to the predictions made by ideal MHD theory, the increasing plasma resistivity after laser turn-off allows for greater low-mode destabilization (m>1) from reduced stabilization by field-line bending. For laser-generated plasmas presented herein, a mode-number cutoff for stabilization of perturbations with m>∼[8πβ(1+D[subscript m]k⊥(2)γmax(−1))](1/2) is found in the linear growth regime. The growth is measured and is found to be in reasonable agreement with model predictions.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Plasma Science and Fusion Center
Physical Review E
American Physical Society
Li, C. K. et al. “Pressure-driven, resistive magnetohydrodynamic interchange instabilities in laser-produced high-energy-density plasmas.” Physical Review E 80.1 (2009): 016407. © 2009 The American Physical Society.
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