A multipathway phosphoproteomic signaling network model of idiosyncratic and inflammatory cytokine-induced toxicity in human hepatocytes
Author(s)Cosgrove, Benjamin D.; Alexopoulos, Leonidas G.; Saez-Rodriguez, Julio; Griffith, Linda G.; Lauffenburger, Douglas A.
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Idiosyncratic drug hepatotoxicity is a hepatotoxicity subset that occurs in a very small fraction of human patients, is poorly predicted by standard preclinical models and in clinical trials, and frequently leads to postapproval drug failure. Animal models utilizing bacterial LPS co-administration to induce an inflammatory background and hepatocyte cell culture models utilizing cytokine mix cotreatment have successfully reproduced idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity signatures for certain drugs, but the hepatocyte signaling mechanisms governing these drug-cytokine toxicity synergizes are largely unclear. Here, we summarize our efforts to computationally model the signaling mechanisms regulating inflammatory cytokine-associated idiosyncratic drug hepatotoxicity. We collected a ldquocue-signal-responserdquo (CSR) data compendium in cultured primary human hepatocytes treated with many combinations of idiosyncratic hepatotoxic drugs and inflammatory cytokine mixes (ldquocuesrdquo) and subjected this compendium to orthogonal partial-least squares regression (OPLSR) to computationally relate the measured intracellular phosphoprotein signals and hepatocellular death responses. This OPLSR model suggested that hepatocytes specify their cell death responses to toxic drug/cytokine conditions by integrating signals from four key pathways - Akt, p70 S6K, ERK, and p38. An OPLSR model focused on data from these four signaling pathways demonstrated accurate predictions of idiosyncratic drug- and cytokine-induced hepatotoxicities in a second human hepatocyte donor, suggesting that hepatocytes from different individuals have shared network control mechanisms governing toxicity responses to diverse combinations of idiosyncratic hepatotoxicants and inflammatory cytokines.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering
Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2009
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Cosgrove, B.D. et al. “A multipathway phosphoproteomic signaling network model of idiosyncratic drug- and inflammatory cytokine-induced toxicity in human hepatocytes.” Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2009. EMBC 2009. Annual International Conference of the IEEE. 2009. 5452-5455. © 2009 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
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