A Sparsity Detection Framework for On–Off Random Access Channels
Author(s)Fletcher, Alyson K.; Rangan, Sundeep; Goyal, Vivek K.
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This paper considers a simple on-off random multiple access channel, where n users communicate simultaneously to a single receiver over m degrees of freedom. Each user transmits with probability lambda, where typically lambdan<m(symbol)n, and the receiver must detect which users transmitted. We show that when the codebook has i.i.d. Gaussian entries, detecting which users transmitted is mathematically equivalent to a certain sparsity detection problem considered in compressed sensing. Using recent sparsity results, we derive upper and lower bounds on the capacities of these channels. We show that common sparsity detection algorithms, such as lasso and orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP), can be used as tractable multiuser detection schemes and have significantly better performance than single-user detection. These methods do achieve some near-far resistance but-at high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) - may achieve capacities far below optimal maximum likelihood detection. We then present a new algorithm, called sequential OMP, that illustrates that iterative detection combined with power ordering or power shaping can significantly improve the high SNR performance. Sequential OMP is analogous to successive interference cancellation in the classic multiple access channel. Our results thereby provide insight into the roles of power control and multiuser detection on random-access signaling.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Research Laboratory of Electronics
Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering
Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Fletcher, Alyson K., Sundeep Rangan, and Vivek K. Goyal. “A sparsity detection framework for on-off random access channels.” Wavelets XIII. Ed. Vivek K. Goyal, Manos Papadakis, & Dimitri Van De Ville. San Diego, CA, USA: SPIE, 2009. 744607-15. © 2009 SPIE
Final published version