A Change Detection Algorithm for Retrieving High-Resolution Soil Moisture From SMAP Radar and Radiometer Observations
Author(s)Piles, Maria; Camps, Adriano; Entekhabi, Dara
MetadataShow full item record
A change detection algorithm has been developed in order to obtain high-resolution soil moisture estimates from future Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) L-band radar and radiometer observations. The approach combines the relatively noisy 3-km radar backscatter coefficients and the more accurate 36-km radiometer brightness temperature into an optimal 10-km product. In preparation for the SMAP mission, an observation system simulation experiment (OSSE) and field experimental campaigns using the Passive and Active L- and S-band Airborne Sensor (PALS) have been conducted. We use the PALS airborne observations and OSSE data to test the algorithm and develop an error budget table. When applied to four-month OSSE data, the change detection method is shown to perform better than direct inversion of the radiometer brightness temperatures alone, improving the root mean square error by 2% volumetric soil moisture content. The main assumptions of the algorithm are verified using PALS data from the soil moisture experiments held during June-July 2002 (Soil Moisture Experiment 2002) in Iowa. The algorithm error budget is estimated and shown to meet SMAP science requirements.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Piles, M., D. Entekhabi, and A. Camps. “A Change Detection Algorithm for Retrieving High-Resolution Soil Moisture From SMAP Radar and Radiometer Observations.” Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on 47.12 (2009): 4125-4131. © 2009 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
Final published version
INSPEC Accession Number: 10979198
radiometer, radar, observation system simulation experiment (OSSE), microwave remote sensing, Soil moisture active and passive (SMAP) mission, Change detection