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dc.contributor.authorMcRae, Kateri
dc.contributor.authorHughes, Brent
dc.contributor.authorChopra, Sita
dc.contributor.authorGabrieli, John D. E.
dc.contributor.authorGross, James J.
dc.contributor.authorOchsner, Kevin N.
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-22T19:39:08Z
dc.date.available2010-07-22T19:39:08Z
dc.date.issued2010-02
dc.identifier.issn0898-929X
dc.identifier.issn1530-8898
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/57447
dc.description.abstractDistraction and reappraisal are two commonly used forms of cognitive emotion regulation. Functional neuroimaging studies have shown that each one depends upon interactions between pFC, interpreted as implementing cognitive control, and limbic regions, interpreted as mediating emotional responses. However, no study has directly compared distraction with reappraisal, and it remains unclear whether they draw upon different neural mechanisms and have different emotional consequences. The present fMRI study compared distraction and reappraisal and found both similarities and differences between the two forms of emotion regulation. Both resulted in decreased negative affect, decreased activation in the amygdala, and increased activation in prefrontal and cingulate regions. Relative to distraction, reappraisal led to greater decreases in negative affect and to greater increases in a network of regions associated with processing affective meaning (medial prefrontal and anterior temporal cortices). Relative to reappraisal, distraction led to greater decreases in amygdala activation and to greater increases in activation in prefrontal and parietal regions. Taken together, these data suggest that distraction and reappraisal differentially engage neural systems involved in attentional deployment and cognitive reframing and have different emotional consequences.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherMIT Press
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1162/jocn.2009.21243en
dc.rightsArticle is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use.en
dc.sourceMIT Pressen
dc.titleThe Neural Bases of Distraction and Reappraisalen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.citationMcRae, Kateri et al. “The Neural Bases of Distraction and Reappraisal.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 22.2 (2010): 248-262.© 2010 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
dc.contributor.approverGabrieli, John D. E.
dc.contributor.mitauthorGabrieli, John D. E.
dc.relation.journalJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticleen
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerRevieweden
dspace.orderedauthorsMcRae, Kateri; Hughes, Brent; Chopra, Sita; Gabrieli, John D. E.; Gross, James J.; Ochsner, Kevin N.en
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1158-5692
dspace.mitauthor.errortrue
mit.licensePUBLISHER_POLICYen


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