Chromium-doped zinc selenide gain media: From synthesis to pulsed mid-infrared laser operation
Author(s)Demirbas, Umit; Sennaroglu, A.; Cankaya, H.; Cizmeciyan, N.; Kurt, A.; Somer, M.; ... Show more Show less
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This paper provides an overview of the experimental work performed in our research group on the synthesis, spectroscopic investigation, and laser characterization of chromium-doped zinc selenide (Cr[superscript 2+]:ZnSe). By using diffusion doping, 40 polycrystalline Cr[superscript 2+]:ZnSe samples with ion concentration in the range of 0.8 × 10[superscript 18] to 66 × 10[superscript 18]ions/cm[superscript 3] were prepared. From the absorption data, temperature-dependent diffusion coefficient of chromium and losses at the lasing wavelength were measured. In luminescence measurements, the concentration dependence of the fluorescence lifetime and fluorescence quantum efficiency was determined. During continuous-wave operation, the optimum concentration for lasing was determined to be 8.5 × 10[superscript 18] ions/cm[superscript 3] at an incident pump power of 2.1 W for 1800-nm pumping. During gain switched operation, intra-cavity pumping with a 1570-nm optical parametric oscillator resulted in continuous tuning between 1880 and 3100 nm. By employing dispersion compensation with a MgF[superscript 2] prism pair, Kerr-lens mode-locked operation was also demonstrated at 2420 nm, resulting in the generation of 95-fs pulses with an average output power of 40 mW and spectral bandwidth of 69 nm. The time-bandwidth product of the pulses was further measured to be 0.335 close to the expected value of 0.315 for sech[superscript 2] pulses.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Proceedings of the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Sennaroglu, A. et al. “Chromium-doped zinc selenide gain media: from synthesis to pulsed mid-infrared laser operation.” Optical Components and Materials VII. Ed. Shibin Jiang et al. San Francisco, California, USA: SPIE, 2010. 75981B-10. ©2010 SPIE.
Final published version
Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7598, 75981B (2010)