SIRT1 Regulates Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Release by Enhancing PIP5Kγ[subscript gamma] Activity through Deacetylation of Specific Lysine Residues in Mammals
Author(s)Guarente, Leonard Pershing; Akieda-Asai, Sayaka; Zaima, Nobuhiro; Ikegami, Koji; Kahyo, Tomoaki; Yao, Ikuko; Hatanaka, Takahiro; Iemura, Shun-ichiro; Sugiyama, Rika; Yokozeki, Takeaki; Eishi, Yoshinobu; Koike, Morio; Ikeda, Kyoji; Chiba, Takuya; Yamaza, Haruyoshi; Shimokawa, Isao; Song, Si-Young; Matsuno, Akira; Mizutani, Akiko; Sawabe, Motoji; Chao, Moses V.; Tanaka, Masashi; Kanaho, Yasunori; Natsume, Tohru; Sugimura, Haruhiko; Date, Yukari; McBurney, Michael W.; Setou, Mitsutoshi; ... Show more Show less
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Background: SIRT1, a NAD-dependent deacetylase, has diverse roles in a variety of organs such as regulation of endocrine function and metabolism. However, it remains to be addressed how it regulates hormone release there. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here, we report that SIRT1 is abundantly expressed in pituitary thyrotropes and regulates thyroid hormone secretion. Manipulation of SIRT1 level revealed that SIRT1 positively regulated the exocytosis of TSH-containing granules. Using LC/MS-based interactomics, phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase (PIP5K)γ[subscript gamma] was identified as a SIRT1 binding partner and deacetylation substrate. SIRT1 deacetylated two specific lysine residues (K265/K268) in PIP5Kγ[subscript gamma] and enhanced PIP5Kγ[subscript gamma] enzyme activity. SIRT1-mediated TSH secretion was abolished by PIP5Kγ[subscript gamma] knockdown. SIRT1 knockdown decreased the levels of deacetylated PIP5Kγ, PI(4,5)P[subscript 2], and reduced the secretion of TSH from pituitary cells. These results were also observed in SIRT1-knockout mice. Conclusions/Significance: Our findings indicated that the control of TSH release by the SIRT1-PIP5Kγ[subscript gamma] pathway is important for regulating the metabolism of the whole body.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology
Public Library of Science
Akieda-Asai, Sayaka et al. “SIRT1 Regulates Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Release by Enhancing PIP5Kγ Activity through Deacetylation of Specific Lysine Residues in Mammals.” Ed. Mikhail V. Blagosklonny. PLoS ONE 5.7 (2010): e11755.
Final published version