DMob4/Phocein Regulates Synapse Formation, Axonal Transport, and Microtubule Organization
Author(s)Littleton, J. Troy; Sepp, Katharine J.; Jorquera, Ramon; Song, Yun; Schulte, Joost; Wu, Chaohong; Hong, Pengyu; ... Show more Show less
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The monopolar spindle-one-binder (Mob) family of kinase-interacting proteins regulate cell cycle and cell morphology, and their dysfunction has been linked to cancer. Models for Mob function are primarily based on studies of Mob1 and Mob2 family members in yeast. In contrast, the function of the highly conserved metazoan Phocein/Mob3 subfamily is unknown. We identified the Drosophila Phocein homolog (DMob4) as a regulator of neurite branching in a genome-wide RNA interference screen for neuronal morphology mutants. To further characterize DMob4, we generated null and hypomorphic alleles and performed in vivo cell biological and physiological analysis. We find that DMob4 plays a prominent role in neural function, regulating axonal transport, membrane excitability, and organization of microtubule networks. DMob4 mutant neuromuscular synapses also show a profound overgrowth of synaptic boutons, similar to known Drosophila endocytotic mutants. DMob4 and human Phocein are >80% identical, and the lethality of DMob4 mutants can be rescued by a human phocein transgene, indicating a conservation of function across evolution. These findings suggest a novel role for Phocein proteins in the regulation of axonal transport, neurite elongation, synapse formation, and microtubule organization.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences; Picower Institute for Learning and Memory
Journal of Neuroscience
Society for Neuroscience
Schulte, J. et al. “DMob4/Phocein Regulates Synapse Formation, Axonal Transport, and Microtubule Organization.” Journal of Neuroscience 30.15 (2010): 5189-5203. Web.
Final published version