Online Traveling Salesman Problems with Service Flexibility
Author(s)Jaillet, Patrick; Lu, Xin
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The Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) is a well-known combinatorial optimization problem. We are concerned here with online versions of this problem defi ned on metric spaces. One novel aspect in the paper is the introduction of a sound theoretical model to incorporate "yes-no" decisions on which requests to serve, together with an online strategy to visit the accepted requests. In order to do so, we assume that there is a penalty for not serving a request. Requests for visit of points in the metric space are revealed over time to a server, initially at a given origin, who must decide in an online fashion which requests to serve in order to minimize the time to serve all accepted requests plus the sum of the penalties associated with the rejected requests. We first look at the special case of the non-negative real line. After providing a polynomial time algorithm for the online version of the problem, we propose and prove the optimality of a 2-competitive polynomial time online algorithm based on re-optimization approaches. We also consider the impact of advanced information (lookahead) on this optimal competitive ratio. We then consider the generalizations of these results to the case of the real line. We show that the previous algorithm can be extended to an optimal 2-competitive online algorithm. Finally we consider the case of a general metric space and propose an original c-competitive online algorithm, where .... We also give a polynomial-time (1:5p + 1)-competitive online algorithm which uses a polynomial-time -approximation for the online problem.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center; Sloan School of Management
Jaillet, Patrick and Xin Lu. "Online Traveling Salesman Problems with Service Flexibility." Networks, Volume 58, Issue 2, pages 137–146, September 2011.
Author's final manuscript