Efficient AUV Navigation Fusing Acoustic Ranging and Side-scan Sonar
Author(s)Fallon, Maurice Francis; Kaess, Michael; Johannsson, Hordur; Leonard, John Joseph
MetadataShow full item record
This paper presents an on-line nonlinear least squares algorithm for multi-sensor autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) navigation. The approach integrates the global constraints of range to and GPS position of a surface vehicle or buoy communicated via acoustic modems and relative pose constraints arising from targets detected in side-scan sonar images. The approach utilizes an efficient optimization algorithm, iSAM, which allows for consistent on-line estimation of the entire set of trajectory constraints. The optimized trajectory can then be used to more accurately navigate the AUV, to extend mission duration, and to avoid GPS surfacing. As iSAM provides efficient access to the marginal covariances of previously observed features, automatic data association is greatly simplified — particularly in sparse marine environments. A key feature of our approach is its intended scalability to single surface sensor (a vehicle or buoy) broadcasting its GPS position and simultaneous one-way travel time range (OWTT) to multiple AUVs. We discuss why our approach is scalable as well as robust to modem transmission failure. Results are provided for an ocean experiment using a Hydroid REMUS 100 AUV co-operating with one of two craft: an autonomous surface vehicle (ASV) and a manned support vessel. During these experiments the ranging portion of the algorithm ran online on-board the AUV. Extension of the paradigm to multiple missions via the optimization of successive survey missions (and the resultant sonar mosaics) is also demonstrated.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. Proceedings (ICRA)
IEEE Computer Society
Fallon, Maurice F. et al. "Efficient AUV Navigation Fusing Acoustic Ranging and Side-scan Sonar" IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. Proceedings, (ICRA), May 9-13, 2011,Shanghai International Conference Center, Shanghai, China.
Author's final manuscript