Tracking random finite objects using 3D-LIDAR in marine environments
Author(s)Lee, Kwang Wee; Kalyan, Bharath; Wijesoma, Sardha; Adams, Martin; Hover, Franz S.; Patrikalakis, Nicholas M.; ... Show more Show less
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This paper presents a random finite set theoretic formulation for multi-object tracking as perceived by a 3D-LIDAR in a dynamic environment. It is mainly concerned with the joint detection and estimation of the unknown and time varying number of objects present in the environment and the dynamic state of these objects, given a set of measurements. This problem is particularly challenging in cluttered dynamic environments such as in urban settings or marine environments, because, given a measurement set, there is absolutely no knowledge of which object generated which measurement, and the detected measurements are indistinguishable from false alarms. The proposed approach to multi-object tracking is based on the rigorous theory of finite set statistics (FISST). The optimal Bayesian multi-object tracking is not yet practical due to its computational complexity. However, a practical alternative to the optimal filter is the probability hypothesis density (PHD) filter, that propagates the first order statistical moment of the full multi-object posterior distribution. In contrast to classical approaches, this random finite set framework does not require any explicit data associations. In this paper, a Gaussian mixture approximation of the PHD filter is applied to track variable number of objects from 3D-LIDAR measurements by estimating both the number of objects and their respective locations in each scan. Experimental results obtained in marine environments demonstrate the efficacy and tracking performance of the proposed approach.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
SAC '10 Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing
Association for Computing Machinery
Lee, Kwang Wee et al. “Tracking Random Finite Objects Using 3D-LIDAR in Marine Environments.” Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing. Sierre, Switzerland: ACM, 2010. 1282-1287.
Author's final manuscript