Magnetic relaxation in dysprosium-dysprosium collisions
Author(s)Newman, Bonna Kay; Brahms, Nathan; Au, Yat Shan; Johnson, Cort; Connolly, Colin B.; Doyle, John M.; Kleppner, Daniel; Greytak, Thomas J.; ... Show more Show less
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The collisional magnetic reorientation rate constant gR is measured for magnetically trapped atomic dysprosium (Dy), an atom with large magnetic dipole moments. Using buffer gas cooling with cold helium, large numbers (>1011) of Dy are loaded into a magnetic trap and the buffer gas is subsequently removed. The decay of the trapped sample is governed by collisional reorientation of the atomic magnetic moments. We find gR=1.9±0.5×10-11 cm3 s-1 at 390 mK. We also measure the magnetic reorientation rate constant of holmium (Ho), another highly magnetic atom, and find gR=5±2×10-12 cm3 s-1 at 690 mK. The Zeeman relaxation rates of these atoms are greater than expected for the magnetic dipole-dipole interaction, suggesting that another mechanism, such as an anisotropic electrostatic interaction, is responsible. Comparison with estimated elastic collision rates suggests that Dy is a poor candidate for evaporative cooling in a magnetic trap.
DepartmentHarvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Physical Review A
American Physical Society
Newman, Bonna Kay et al. "Magnetic relaxation in dysprosium-dysprosium collisions." Phys. Rev. A 83, 012713 (2011) [5 pages] © 2011 American Physical Society.
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