Metastable states in the triangular-lattice Ising model studied by Monte Carlo simulations: Application to the spin-chain compound Ca[subscript 3]Co[subscript 2]O[subscript 6]
Author(s)Soto, R.; Martinez, G.; Baibich, M. N.; Florez Uribe, Juan Manuel; Vargas, P.
Metastable states in the triangular-lattice Ising model studied by Monte Carlo simulations: Application to the spin-chain compound Ca3Co2O6
MetadataShow full item record
It is well known that the spin-chain compound Ca[subscript 3]Co[subscript 2]O[subscript 6] exhibits interesting plateaus in the magnetization as a function of the magnetic field at low temperatures. The origin of them is still controversial. In this paper, we study the thermal behavior of this compound with a single-flip Monte Carlo simulation on a triangular lattice and demonstrate the decisive influence of metastable states on the splitting of the ferrimagnetic 1/3 plateau below 10 K. We consider the [Co2O6]n chains as giant magnetic moments described by large Ising spins on planar clusters with open boundary conditions. With this simple frozen-moments model we obtain stepped magnetization curves which agree quite well with the experimental results for different sweeping rates. We describe particularly the out-of-equilibrium states that split the low-temperature 1/3 plateau into three steps. They relax thermally to the 1/3 plateau, which has long-range order at equilibrium. Such metastable states are further analyzed with snapshots unveiling an interlinked mobile domain walls structure that is responsible for the observed behavior of the 1/3 plateau. A comparison is also given of our classical Monte Carlo results with exact diagonalization results in small triangular quantum clusters, providing further support for our thermal description of this compound.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Laboratory for Nuclear Science
Physical Review B
American Physical Society
Soto, R. et al. “Metastable States in the Triangular-lattice Ising Model Studied by Monte Carlo Simulations: Application to the Spin-chain Compound Ca3Co2O6.” Physical Review B 79.18 (2009) : 184422 © 2009 The American Physical Society.
Final published version