Nanofluid heat transfer enhancement for nuclear reactor applications
Author(s)Buongiorno, Jacopo; Hu, Lin-Wen
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Colloidal dispersions of nanoparticles are known as `nanofluids'. Such engineered fluids offer the potential for enhancing heat transfer, particularly boiling heat transfer, while avoiding the drawbacks (i.e., erosion, settling, clogging) that hindered the use of particle-laden fluids in the past. At MIT we have been studying the heat transfer characteristics of nanofluids for the past five years, with the goal of evaluating their benefits for and applicability to nuclear power systems (i.e., primary coolant, safety systems, severe accident mitigation strategies). This paper will summarize the MIT research in this area with particular emphasis to boiling behavior, including, prominently, the Critical Heat Flux limit and quenching phenomena.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering; MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory
Proceedings of the ASME 2009 2nd Micro/Nanoscale Heat & Mass Transfer International Conference, MNHMT 2009
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Buongiorno, Jacopo, and Lin-wen Hu. “Nanofluid Heat Transfer Enhancement for Nuclear Reactor Applications.” ASME, 2009. 517-522. ©2009 ASME.
Final published version
Paper no. MNHMT2009-18062