LONG-RUN HEALTH IMPACTS OF INCOME SHOCKS: WINE AND PHYLLOXERA IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY FRANCE
Author(s)Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther; Postel-Vinay, Gilles; Watts, Tim
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Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera destroyed 40% of French vineyards. Using the regional variation in the timing of this shock, we identify and examine the effects on adult height, health, and life expectancy of children born in the years and regions affected by the phylloxera. The shock decreased long-run height, but it did not affect other dimensions of health, including life expectancy. We find that those born in affected regions were about 1.8 millimeters shorter than others at age 20, a significant effect since average heights grew by only 2 centimeters in the entire nineteenth century.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Economics
Review of Economics and Statistics
President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Banerjee, Abhijit et al. “Long-Run Health Impacts of Income Shocks: Wine and Phylloxera in Nineteenth-Century France.” Review of Economics and Statistics 92 (2010): 714-728.© 2010 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
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