Geometric origin of coincidences and hierarchies in the landscape
Author(s)Bousso, Raphael; Leichenauer, Stefan; Rosenhaus, Vladimir; Freivogel, Benjamin W.
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We show that the geometry of cutoffs on eternal inflation strongly constrains predictions for the time scales of vacuum domination, curvature domination, and observation. We consider three measure proposals: the causal patch, the fat geodesic, and the apparent horizon cutoff, which is introduced here for the first time. We impose neither anthropic requirements nor restrictions on landscape vacua. For vacua with positive cosmological constant, all three measures predict the double coincidence that most observers live at the onset of vacuum domination and just before the onset of curvature domination. The hierarchy between the Planck scale and the cosmological constant is related to the number of vacua in the landscape. These results require only mild assumptions about the distribution of vacua (somewhat stronger assumptions are required by the fat geodesic measure). At this level of generality, none of the three measures are successful for vacua with negative cosmological constant. Their applicability in this regime is ruled out unless much stronger anthropic requirements are imposed.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Theoretical Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Physical Review D
American Physical Society (APS)
Bousso, Raphael et al. “Geometric origin of coincidences and hierarchies in the landscape.” Physical Review D 84.8 (2011): n. pag. Web. 26 Jan. 2012. © 2011 American Physical Society
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