On the Measured Current in Electrospinning
Author(s)Bhattacharjee, P. K.; Schneider, T. M.; Brenner, M. P.; McKinley, Gareth H; Rutledge, Gregory C
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The origin and scaling of the current measured during steady electrospinning of polymer solutions in organic solvents are considered. For a specified electric field strength E, flow rate Q, and conductivity K, the total measured current is shown empirically to scale as Itotal ∼ EQ0.5K0.4, for a wide variety of polymer solutions with different electrical conductivities. It is also shown that Itotal is composed of two distinct components: one that varies linearly with E, and another that is independent of E, but varies with the conductivity K of the fluid and the flow rate Q. The experimental evidence suggests that the latter component arises due to a secondary electrospray emanating from the surface of the jet. The consequence of this secondary electrospray mechanism on the final fiber size achieved during the electrospinning process is also discussed.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Journal of Applied Physics
American Institute of Physics
Bhattacharjee, P. K. et al. “On the measured current in electrospinning.” Journal of Applied Physics 107.4 (2010): 044306.
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