Hydrogen peroxide differentially modulates cardiac myocyte nitric oxide synthesis
Author(s)Sartoretto, Juliano; Kalwa, Hermann; Pluth, Michael D.; Lippard, Stephen J.
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Nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H(subscript 2)O(subscript 2)) are synthesized within cardiac myocytes and play key roles in modulating cardiovascular signaling. Cardiac myocytes contain both the endothelial (eNOS) and neuronal (nNOS) NO synthases, but the differential roles of these NOS isoforms and the interplay of reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species in cardiac signaling pathways are poorly understood. Using a recently developed NO chemical sensor [Cu(subscript 2)(FL2E)] to study adult cardiac myocytes from wild-type, eNOSnull, and nNOSnull mice, we discovered that physiological concentrations of H(subscript 2)O(subscript 2) activate eNOS but not nNOS. H(subscript 2)O(subscript 2)-stimulated eNOS activation depends on phosphorylation of both the AMP-activated protein kinase and kinase Akt, and leads to the robust phosphorylation of eNOS. Cardiac myocytes isolated from mice infected with lentivirus expressing the recently developed H(subscript 2)O(subscript 2) biosensor HyPer2 show marked H2O2 synthesis when stimulated by angiotensin II, but not following β-adrenergic receptor activation. We discovered that the angiotensin-II-promoted increase in cardiac myocyte contractility is dependent on H2O2, whereas β-adrenergic contractile responses occur independently of H(subscript 2)O(subscript 2) signaling. These studies establish differential roles for H(subscript 2)O(subscript 2) in control of cardiac contractility and receptor-dependent NOS activation in the heart, and they identify new points for modulation of NO signaling responses by oxidant stress.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
National Academy of Sciences
Sartoretto, J. L. et al. “Hydrogen peroxide differentially modulates cardiac myocyte nitric oxide synthesis.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108.38 (2011): 15792-15797. ©2011 by the National Academy of Sciences
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