Inactivation of Lactobacillus leichmannii ribonucleotide reductase by F2CTP: adenosylcobalamin destruction and formation of a nucleotide based radical
Author(s)Lohman, Gregory J. S.; Gerfen, Gary J.; Stubbe, JoAnne
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Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR, 76 kDa) from Lactobacillus leichmannii is a class II RNR that requires adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl) as a cofactor. It catalyzes the conversion of nucleoside triphosphates to deoxynucleotides and is 100% inactivated by 1 equiv of 2′,2′-difluoro-2′-deoxycytidine 5′-triphosphate (F[subscript 2]CTP) in <2 min. Sephadex G-50 chromatography of the inactivation reaction mixture for 2 min revealed that 0.47 equiv of a sugar moiety is covalently bound to RNR and 0.25 equiv of a cobalt(III) corrin is tightly associated, likely through a covalent interaction with C[subscript 419] (Co−S) in the active site of RNR [Lohman, G. J. S., and Stubbe, J. (2010) Biochemistry 49, DOI: 10.1021/bi902132u]. After 1 h, a similar experiment revealed 0.45 equiv of the Co−S adduct associated with the protein. Thus, at least two pathways are associated with RNR inactivation: one associated with alkylation by the sugar of F[subscript 2]CTP and the second with AdoCbl destruction. To determine the fate of [1′-[superscript 3]H]F2CTP in the latter pathway, the reaction mixture at 2 min was reduced with NaBH[subscript 4] (NaB[superscript 2]H[subscript 4]) and the protein separated from the small molecules using a centrifugation device. The small molecules were dephosphorylated and analyzed by HPLC to reveal 0.25 equiv of a stereoisomer of cytidine, characterized by mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy, indicating the trapped nucleotide had lost both of its fluorides and gained an oxygen. High-field ENDOR studies with [1′-[superscript 2]H]F[subscript 2]CTP from the reaction quenched at 30 s revealed a radical that is nucleotide-based. The relationship between this radical and the trapped cytidine analogue provides insight into the nonalkylative pathway for RNR inactivation relative to the alkylative pathway.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Lohman, Gregory J. S., Gary J. Gerfen, and JoAnne Stubbe. “Inactivation of Lactobacillus Leichmannii Ribonucleotide Reductase by 2′,2′-Difluoro-2′-deoxycytidine 5′-Triphosphate: Adenosylcobalamin Destruction and Formation of a Nucleotide-Based Radical.” Biochemistry 49.7 (2010): 1396–1403.
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