GALAXY CLUSTERING IN THE COMPLETED SDSS REDSHIFT SURVEY: THE DEPENDENCE ON COLOR AND LUMINOSITY
Author(s)Zehavi, Idit; Zheng, Zheng; Weinberg, David H.; Blanton, Michael R.; Bahcall, Neta A.; Berlind, Andreas A.; Brinkmann, Jon; Frieman, Joshua A.; Gunn, James E.; Lupton, Robert H.; Nichol, Robert C.; Percival, Will J.; Schneider, Donald P.; Skibba, Ramin A.; Strauss, Michael A.; Tegmark, Max Erik; York, Donald G.; ... Show more Show less
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We measure the luminosity and color dependence of galaxy clustering in the largest-ever galaxy redshift survey, the main galaxy sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Seventh Data Release. We focus on the projected correlation function w[subscript p](r[subscript p]) of volume-limited samples, extracted from the parent sample of [approx]700,000 galaxies over 8000 deg[superscript 2], extending up to redshift of 0.25. We interpret our measurements using halo occupation distribution (HOD) modeling assuming a ΛCDM cosmology (inflationary cold dark matter with a cosmological constant). The amplitude of w[subscript p] (r[subscript p]) grows slowly with luminosity for L < L[subscript *] and increases sharply at higher luminosities, with a large-scale bias factor b(> L)[subscript ×] (sigma[subscript 8]/0.8) = 1.06 + 0.21(L/L[subscript *])[superscript 1.12], where L is the sample luminosity threshold. At fixed luminosity, redder galaxies exhibit a higher amplitude and steeper correlation function, a steady trend that runs through the "blue cloud" and "green valley" and continues across the "red sequence." The cross-correlation of red and blue galaxies is close to the geometric mean of their autocorrelations, dropping slightly below at r[subscript p]< 1 h[superscript –1] Mpc. The luminosity trends for the red and blue galaxy populations separately are strikingly different. Blue galaxies show a slow but steady increase of clustering strength with luminosity, with nearly constant shape of w[subscript p](r[subscript p]). The large-scale clustering of red galaxies shows little luminosity dependence until a sharp increase at L > 4 L[subscript *], but the lowest luminosity red galaxies (0.04-0.25 L[subscript *]) show very strong clustering on small scales (r[subscript p] < 2 h[superscript –1] Mpc). Most of the observed trends can be naturally understood within the ΛCDM+HOD framework. The growth of wp (rp ) for higher luminosity galaxies reflects an overall shift in the mass scale of their host dark matter halos, in particular an increase in the minimum host halo mass M[subscript min]. The mass at which a halo has, on average, one satellite galaxy brighter than L is M 1 [almost equal to] 17 M[subscript min](L) over most of the luminosity range, with a smaller ratio above L[subscript *]. The growth and steepening of w[subscript p](r[subscript p]) for redder galaxies reflects the increasing fraction of galaxies that are satellite systems in high-mass halos instead of central systems in low-mass halos, a trend that is especially marked at low luminosities. Our extensive measurements, provided in tabular form, will allow detailed tests of theoretical models of galaxy formation, a firm grounding of semiempirical models of the galaxy population, and new constraints on cosmological parameters from combining real-space galaxy clustering with mass-sensitive statistics such as redshift-space distortions, cluster mass-to-light ratios, and galaxy-galaxy lensing.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Institute of Physics Publishing
Zehavi, Idit et al. “GALAXY CLUSTERING IN THE COMPLETED SDSS REDSHIFT SURVEY: THE DEPENDENCE ON COLOR AND LUMINOSITY.” The Astrophysical Journal 736.1 (2011): 59. Web.
Author's final manuscript