Comment on 'Simulation of Bell states with incoherent thermal light'
Author(s)Shapiro, Jeffrey H.
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Recently, Chen et al (2011 New J. Phys. 13 083018) presented experimental results, accompanied by quantum-mechanical analysis, showing that the quantum interference behavior of Bell states could be simulated in a modified Mach–Zehnder interferometer whose inputs are pseudothermal light beams obtained by passing laser light through a rotating ground-glass diffuser. Their experiments and their theory presumed low-flux operation in which the simulated quantum interference is observed via photon-coincidence counting. This work is a comment on the paper by Chen et al (2011). We first show that the Chen et al photon-coincidence counting experiments can be fully explained with semiclassical photodetection theory, in which light is taken to be a classical electromagnetic wave, and the discreteness of the electron charge leads to shot noise as the fundamental photodetection noise. We then use semiclassical photodetection theory to show that the same simulated quantum interference pattern can be observed in high-flux operation when photocurrent cross-correlation is used instead of photon-coincidence counting.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
New Journal of Physics
Shapiro, Jeffrey H. “Comment on ‘Simulation of Bell States with Incoherent Thermal Light’.” New Journal of Physics 14.5 (2012): 058003. © IOP Publishing 2012
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