Spectrum of cellular responses to pyriplatin, a monofunctional cationic antineoplastic platinum(II) compound, in human cancer cells
Author(s)Lovejoy, Katherine S.; Lippard, Stephen J.; Serova, Maria; Bieche, Ivan; Emami, Shahin; D’Incalci, Maurizio; Broggini, Massimo; Erba, Eugenio; Gespach, Christian; Cvitkovic, Esteban; Faivre, Sandrine; Raymond, Eric; ... Show more Show less
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Pyriplatin, cis-diammine(pyridine)chloroplatinum(II), a platinum-based antitumor drug candidate, is a cationic compound with anticancer properties in mice and is a substrate for organic cation transporters that facilitate oxaliplatin uptake. Unlike cisplatin and oxaliplatin, which form DNA cross-links, pyriplatin binds DNA in a monofunctional manner. The antiproliferative effects of pyriplatin, alone and in combination with known anticancer drugs (paclitaxel, gemcitabine, SN38, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil), were evaluated in a panel of epithelial cancer cell lines, with direct comparison to cisplatin and oxaliplatin. The effects of pyriplatin on gene expression and platinum–DNA adduct formation were also investigated. Pyriplatin exhibited cytotoxic effects against human cell lines after 24 hours (IC[subscript 50] = 171–443 μmol/L), with maximum cytotoxicity in HOP-62 non–small cell lung cancer cells after 72 hours (IC[subscript 50] = 24 μmol/L). Pyriplatin caused a G[subscript 2]-M cell cycle block similar to that induced by cisplatin and oxaliplatin. Induction of apoptotsis and DNA damage response was supported by Annexin-V analysis and detection of phosphorylated Chk2 and H2AX. Treatment with pyriplatin increased CDKN1/p21 and decreased ERCC1 mRNA expression. On a platinum-per-nucleotide basis, pyriplatin–DNA adducts are less cytotoxic than those of cisplatin and oxaliplatin. The mRNA levels of genes implicated in drug transport and DNA damage repair, including GSTP1 and MSH2, correlate with pyriplatin cellular activity in the panel of cell lines. Synergy occurred for combinations of pyriplatin with paclitaxel. Because its spectrum of activity differs significantly from those of cisplatin or oxaliplatin, pyriplatin is a lead compound for developing novel drug candidates with cytotoxicity profiles unlike those of drugs currently in use.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
American Association for Cancer Research
Lovejoy, K. S. et al. “Spectrum of Cellular Responses to Pyriplatin, a Monofunctional Cationic Antineoplastic Platinum(II) Compound, in Human Cancer Cells.” Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 10.9 (2011): 1709–1719.
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