Material dependence of Casimir forces: Gradient expansion beyond proximity
Author(s)Bimonte, Giuseppe; Emig, Thorsten; Kardar, Mehran
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A widely used method for estimating Casimir interactions [H. B. G. Casimir, Proc. K. Ned. Akad. Wet. 51, 793 (1948)] between gently curved material surfaces at short distances is the proximity force approximation (PFA). While this approximation is asymptotically exact at vanishing separations, quantifying corrections to PFA has been notoriously difficult. Here, we use a derivative expansion to compute the leading curvature correction to PFA for metals (gold) at room temperature. We derive an explicit expression for the amplitude math[subscript 1] of the PFA correction to the force gradient for axially symmetric surfaces. In the non-retarded limit, the corrections to the Casimir free energy are found to scale logarithmically with distance. For gold, math[subscript 1] has an unusually large temperature dependence.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Applied Physics Letters
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Bimonte, Giuseppe, Thorsten Emig, and Mehran Kardar. “Material Dependence of Casimir Forces: Gradient Expansion Beyond Proximity.” Applied Physics Letters 100.7 (2012): 074110.
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