Chemical Characterization of the Smallest S-Nitrosothiol, HSNO; Cellular Cross-talk of H₂S and S-Nitrosothiols
Author(s)Filipovic, Milos R.; Miljkovic, Jan Lj.; Nauser, Thomas; Royzen, Maksim; Klos, Katharina; Shubina, Tatyana; Koppenol, Willem H.; Lippard, Stephen J.; Ivanović-Burmazović, Ivana; ... Show more Show less
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Dihydrogen sulfide recently emerged as a biological signaling molecule with important physiological roles and significant pharmacological potential. Chemically plausible explanations for its mechanisms of action have remained elusive, however. Here, we report that H2S reacts with S-nitrosothiols to form thionitrous acid (HSNO), the smallest S-nitrosothiol. These results demonstrate that, at the cellular level, HSNO can be metabolized to afford NO+, NO, and NO– species, all of which have distinct physiological consequences of their own. We further show that HSNO can freely diffuse through membranes, facilitating transnitrosation of proteins such as hemoglobin. The data presented in this study explain some of the physiological effects ascribed to H2S, but, more broadly, introduce a new signaling molecule, HSNO, and suggest that it may play a key role in cellular redox regulation.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry
Journal of the American Chemical Society
American Chemical Society
Filipovic, Milos R., Jan Lj. Miljkovic, Thomas Nauser, et al. 2012Chemical Characterization of the Smallest S -Nitrosothiol, HSNO; Cellular Cross-talk of H₂S and S -Nitrosothiols. Journal of the American Chemical Society 134(29): 12016–12027.
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