FRET-Labeled siRNA Probes for Tracking Assembly and Disassembly of siRNA-Nanocomplexes
Author(s)Alabi, Christopher A.; Love, Kevin T.; Sahay, Gaurav; Stutzman, Tina M.; Young, Whitney T.; Langer, Robert; Anderson, Daniel Griffith; ... Show more Show less
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The assembly, stability, and timely disassembly of short interfering RNA (siRNA) nanocomplexes have the potential to affect the efficiency of siRNA delivery and gene silencing. As such, the design of new probes that can measure these properties without significantly perturbing the nanocomplexes or their environment may facilitate the study and further development of new siRNA nanocomplexes. Herein, we study Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-labeled siRNA probes that can track the assembly, stability, and disassembly of siRNA nanocomplexes in different environments. The probe is composed of two identical siRNAs, each labeled with a fluorophore. Upon nanocomplex formation, the siRNA-bound fluorophores become locally aggregated within the nanocomplex and undergo FRET. A key advantage of this technique is that the delivery vehicle (DV) need not be labeled, thus enabling the characterization of a large variety of nanocarriers, some of which may be difficult or even impossible to label. We demonstrate proof-of-concept by measuring the assembly of various DVs with siRNAs and show good agreement with gel electrophoresis experiments. As a consequence of not having to label the DV, we are able to determine nanocomplex biophysical parameters such as the extracellular apparent dissociation constants (KD) and intracellular disassembly half-life for several in-house and proprietary commercial DVs. Furthermore, the lack of DV modification allows for a true direct comparison between DVs as well as correlation between their biophysical properties and gene silencing.
DepartmentDavid H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT; Harvard University--MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering
American Chemical Society
Alabi, Christopher A., Kevin T. Love, Gaurav Sahay, Tina Stutzman, Whitney T. Young, Robert Langer, and Daniel G. Anderson. FRET-Labeled siRNA Probes for Tracking Assembly and Disassembly of siRNA Nanocomplexes. ACS Nano 6, no. 7 (July 24, 2012): 6133-6141.
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