Magnetic properties in graphene-graphane superlattices
Author(s)Lee, Joo-Hyoung; Grossman, Jeffrey C.
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The magnetic properties of graphene-graphane superlattices with zigzag interfaces and separately varying widths are investigated by first-principles density functional calculations. It is demonstrated that magnetic states are energetically more stable than nonmagnetic ones due to the Stoner-type instability, and that antiferromagnetic spin configuration across the graphene strip is found to be the ground state, whereas the ferromagnetic ordering becomes metastable. The magnetic moments in the ferromagnetic states show a monotonic increase and saturation with the width of the graphene strip, independent of the graphane width due to the π-character of the spin densities. These findings point toward an alternative route for graphene-based applications without requiring physical cutting as in graphene nanoribbons.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Applied Physics Letters
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Lee, Joo-Hyoung, and Jeffrey C. Grossman. “Magnetic properties in graphene-graphane superlattices.” Applied Physics Letters 97, no. 13 (2010): 133102. © 2010 American Institute of Physics
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