Casimir forces beyond the proximity approximation
Author(s)Bimonte, Giuseppe; Emig, Thorsten; Jaffe, Robert L.; Kardar, Mehran
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The proximity force approximation (PFA) relates the interaction between closely spaced, smoothly curved objects to the force between parallel plates. Precision experiments on Casimir forces necessitate, and spur research on, corrections to the PFA. We use a derivative expansion for gently curved surfaces to derive the leading curvature modifications to the PFA. Our methods apply to any homogeneous and isotropic materials; here we present results for Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions and for perfect conductors. A Padé extrapolation constrained by a multipole expansion at large distance and our improved expansion at short distances, provides an accurate expression for the sphere/plate Casimir force at all separations.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Theoretical Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Laboratory for Nuclear Science
Institute of Physics Publishing
Bimonte, G., T. Emig, R. L. Jaffe, and M. Kardar. Casimir Forces Beyond the Proximity Approximation. EPL (Europhysics Letters) 97, no. 5 (March 1, 2012): 50001.