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dc.contributor.authorGilkey, Andrea L.
dc.contributor.authorGalvan, Raquel Christine
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Aaron William
dc.contributor.authorKobrick, Ryan L.
dc.contributor.authorHoffman, Jeffrey A.
dc.contributor.authorMelo, Paulo L.
dc.contributor.authorNewman, Dava
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-16T19:57:02Z
dc.date.available2013-10-16T19:57:02Z
dc.date.issued2011-07
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-60086-948-8
dc.identifier.otherAIAA 2011-5181
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/81410
dc.description.abstractSEXTANT is an extravehicular activity (EVA) mission planner tool developed in MATLAB, which computes the most efficient path between waypoints across a planetary surface. The traverse efficiency can be optimized around path distance, time, or explorer energy consumption. The user can select waypoints and the time spent at each, and can visualize a 3D map of the optimal path. Once the optimal path is generated, the thermal load on suited astronauts or solar power generation of rovers is displayed, along with the total traverse time and distance traveled. A field study was conducted at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah to see if there was a statistical difference between the SEXTANT-determined energy consumption, time, or distance of EVA traverses and the actual output values. Actual traverse time was significantly longer than SEXTANT-predicted EVA traverse time (n=6, p<0.01), traverse distance was not significantly different than SEXTANT-predicted distance, and explorer energy consumption was significantly greater than SEXTANT-predicted energy consumption (n=5, p<0.01). A second study was done to see if mission re-planning, or contingency planning, was faster and less work when using SEXTANT in the habitat or in the field using an iPad. Time and workload measurements were collected for each subject under both conditions. Contingency planning in the habitat was not significantly different than contingency planning in the field. There was no significant workload difference when contingency planning in either location, however there was a trend that suggested contingency planning was faster in the habitat (n=3, p=0.07). Every subject commented that it was a hassle to carry the mission planner in the field and it was difficult to see the screen in the sunlight. To determine if gloves were a factor in the difference between mission re-planning time, subjects were asked to plan a contingency indoors with and without gloves. Performance and workload were not significantly different when re-planning with and without the gloves. The SEXTANT mission planner will continue to be improved according to the results and the recommendations of subjects in this study.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA Astrobiology Institute)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMassachusetts Space Grant Consortiumen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronauticsen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://arc.aiaa.org/doi/pdf/10.2514/6.2011-5181en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/en_US
dc.sourceMIT web domainen_US
dc.titleEvaluation of a Surface Exploration Traverse Analysis and Navigation Toolen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.citationGilkey, Andrea, Ryan Kobrick, Raquel Galvan, Aaron Johnson, Jeffrey Hoffman, Dava Newman, and Paulo Melo. “Evaluation of a Surface Exploration Traverse Analysis and Navigation Tool.” In 41st International Conference on Environmental Systems, Portland, Oregon. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2011.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMIT-Portugal Programen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Aeronautics and Astronauticsen_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorKobrick, Ryan L.en_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorJohnson, Aaron Williamen_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorGilkey, Andrea L.en_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorHoffman, Jeffrey A.en_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorGalvan, Raquel Christineen_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorMelo, Paulo L.en_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorNewman, Davaen_US
dc.relation.journalProceedings of the 41st International Conference on Environmental Systemsen_US
dc.eprint.versionAuthor's final manuscripten_US
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/ConferencePaperen_US
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/NonPeerRevieweden_US
dspace.orderedauthorsGilkey, Andrea; Kobrick, Ryan; Galvan, Raquel; Johnson, Aaron; Hoffman, Jeffrey; Newman, Dava; Melo, Pauloen_US
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9645-6288
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6190-348X
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7543-6920
mit.licenseOPEN_ACCESS_POLICYen_US


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