β Clamp Directs Localization of Mismatch Repair in Bacillus subtilis
Author(s)Simmons, Lyle A.; Davies, Bryan W.; Grossman, Alan D.; Walker, Graham C.
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MutS homologs function in several cellular pathways including mismatch repair (MMR), the process by which mismatches introduced during DNA replication are corrected. We demonstrate that the C terminus of Bacillus subtilis MutS is necessary for an interaction with β clamp. This interaction is required for MutS-GFP focus formation in response to mismatches. Reciprocally, we show that a mutant of the β clamp causes elevated mutation frequencies and is reduced for MutS-GFP focus formation. MutS mutants defective for interaction with β clamp failed to support the next step of MMR, MutL-GFP focus formation. We conclude that the interaction between MutS and β is the major molecular interaction facilitating focus formation and that β clamp aids in the stabilization of MutS at a mismatch in vivo. The striking ability of the MutS C terminus to direct focus formation at replisomes by itself, suggests that it is mismatch recognition that licenses MutS's interaction with β clamp.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology
Simmons, Lyle A., Bryan W. Davies, Alan D. Grossman, and Graham C. Walker. “β Clamp Directs Localization of Mismatch Repair in Bacillus subtilis.” Molecular Cell 29, no. 3 (February 2008): 291-301. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Inc.
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