SIRT1 Suppresses β-Amyloid Production by Activating the α-Secretase Gene ADAM10
Author(s)Donmez Yalcin, Gizem; Cohen, Dena E.; Wang, Diana G.; Guarente, Leonard Pershing
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A hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the accumulation of plaques of Aβ 1–40 and 1–42 peptides, which result from the sequential cleavage of APP by the β and γ-secretases. The production of Aβ peptides is avoided by alternate cleavage of APP by the α and γ-secretases. Here we show that production of β-amyloid and plaques in a mouse model of AD are reduced by overexpressing the NAD-dependent deacetylase SIRT1 in brain, and are increased by knocking out SIRT1 in brain. SIRT1 directly activates the transcription of the gene encoding the α-secretase, ADAM10. SIRT1 deacetylates and coactivates the retinoic acid receptor β, a known regulator of ADAM10 transcription. ADAM10 activation by SIRT1 also induces the Notch pathway, which is known to repair neuronal damage in the brain. Our findings indicate SIRT1 activation is a viable strategy to combat AD and perhaps other neurodegenerative diseases.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Glenn Laboratory for the Science of Aging
Donmez, Gizem, Diana Wang, Dena E. Cohen, and Leonard Guarente. “SIRT1 Suppresses β-Amyloid Production by Activating the α-Secretase Gene ADAM10.” Cell 142, no. 2 (July 2010): 320-332. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
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