Porosity Controls Spread of Excitation in Tectorial Membrane Traveling Waves
Author(s)Ghaffari, Roozbeh; Farrahi, Shirin; Richardson, Guy P.; Freeman, Dennis M.; Sellon, Jonathan Blake
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Cochlear frequency selectivity plays a key role in our ability to understand speech, and is widely believed to be associated with cochlear amplification. However, genetic studies targeting the tectorial membrane (TM) have demonstrated both sharper and broader tuning with no obvious changes in hair bundle or somatic motility mechanisms. For example, cochlear tuning of Tectb[superscript –/–] mice is significantly sharper than that of Tecta[superscript Y1870C/+] mice, even though TM stiffnesses are similarly reduced relative to wild-type TMs. Here we show that differences in TM viscosity can account for these differences in tuning. In the basal cochlear turn, nanoscale pores of Tecta[superscript Y1870C/+] TMs are significantly larger than those of Tectb[superscript –/–] TMs. The larger pore size reduces shear viscosity (by ∼70%), thereby reducing traveling wave speed and increasing spread of excitation. These results demonstrate the previously unrecognized importance of TM porosity in cochlear and neural tuning.
DepartmentWhitaker College of Health Sciences and Technology; delete; Harvard University--MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Research Laboratory of Electronics
Sellon, Jonathan B., Roozbeh Ghaffari, Shirin Farrahi, Guy P. Richardson, and Dennis M. Freeman. “Porosity Controls Spread of Excitation in Tectorial Membrane Traveling Waves.” Biophysical Journal 106, no. 6 (March 2014): 1406–1413.
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