First-Principles Assessment of H[subscript 2]S and H[subscript 2]O Reaction Mechanisms and the Subsequent Hydrogen Absorption on the CeO[subscript 2](111) Surface
Author(s)Marrocchelli, Dario; Yildiz, Bilge
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The main goal of this study is to assess the resistance of ceria against hydrogen penetration into its bulk, in the context of its application as a protective surface coating against hydrogen embrittlement in metals. We evaluate the reaction mechanisms between the H[subscript 2]S and H[subscript 2]O molecules and the CeO[subscript 2](111) surface and their kinetic descriptors, using first principles based calculations in the density functional theory framework. Our approach is validated by performing an extensive comparison with the available experimental data. We predict that hydrogen penetration into CeO[subscript 2](111) is a surface-absorption-limited process with a high-energy barrier (1.67 eV) and endothermicity (1.50 eV), followed by a significantly lower bulk dissolution energy and diffusion barrier (0.67 and 0.52 eV, respectively). We find that the presence of surface vacancies and higher coverages affects significantly the energetics of H[subscript 2]S/H[subscript 2]O adsorption, dissociation, and hydrogen subsurface absorption, facilitating most of these processes and degrading the protectiveness of ceria against hydrogen penetration. The reasons behind these effects are discussed. Overall we expect ceria to hinder the hydrogen incorporation significantly due to the effectively large energy barrier against subsurface absorption, provided vacancy formation is suppressed.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Laboratory for Electrochemical Interfaces
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Marrocchelli, Dario, and Bilge Yildiz. “ First-Principles Assessment of H 2 S and H 2 O Reaction Mechanisms and the Subsequent Hydrogen Absorption on the CeO 2 (111) Surface .” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116, no. 3 (January 26, 2012): 2411–2424.
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