User-guided white balance for mixed lighting conditions
Author(s)Boyadzhiev, Ivaylo; Bala, Kavita; Paris, Sylvain; Durand, Fredo
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Proper white balance is essential in photographs to eliminate color casts due to illumination. The single-light case is hard to solve automatically but relatively easy for humans. Unfortunately, many scenes contain multiple light sources such as an indoor scene with a window, or when a flash is used in a tungsten-lit room. The light color can then vary on a per-pixel basis and the problem becomes challenging at best, even with advanced image editing tools. We propose a solution to the ill-posed mixed light white balance problem, based on user guidance. Users scribble on a few regions that should have the same color, indicate one or more regions of neutral color, and select regions where the current color looks correct. We first expand the provided scribble groups to more regions using pixel similarity and a robust voting scheme. We formulate the spatially varying white balance problem as a sparse data interpolation problem in which the user scribbles and their extensions form constraints. We demonstrate that our approach can produce satisfying results on a variety of scenes with intuitive scribbles and without any knowledge about the lights.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
ACM Transactions on Graphics
Association for Computing Machinery
Boyadzhiev, Ivaylo, Kavita Bala, Sylvain Paris, and Frédo Durand. “User-Guided White Balance for Mixed Lighting Conditions.” ACM Transactions on Graphics 31, no. 6 (November 1, 2012): p. 1-10.
Author's final manuscript