Scattering from extended targets in range-dependent fluctuating ocean-waveguides with clutter from theory and experiments
Author(s)Jagannathan, Srinivasan; Küsel, Elizabeth T.; Ratilal, Purnima; Makris, Nicholas
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Bistatic, long-range measurements of acoustic scattered returns from vertically extended, air-filled tubular targets were made during three distinct field experiments in fluctuating continental shelf waveguides. It is shown that SonarEquation estimates of mean target-scattered intensity lead to large errors, differing by an order of magnitude from both the measurements and waveguidescattering theory. The use of the Ingenito scatteringmodel is also shown to lead to significant errors in estimating mean target-scattered intensity in the field experiments because they were conducted in range-dependent ocean environments with large variations in sound speed structure over the depth of the targets, scenarios that violate basic assumptions of the Ingenito model. Green’s theorem based full-field modeling that describes scattering from vertically extended tubular targets in range-dependent oceanwaveguides by taking into account nonuniform sound speed structure over the target’s depth extent is shown to accurately describe the statistics of the targets’ scattered field in all three field experiments. Returns from the man-made targets are also shown to have a very different spectral dependence from the natural target-like clutter of the dominant fish schools observed, suggesting that judicious multi-frequency sensing may often provide a useful means of distinguishing fish from man-made targets.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
American Institute of Physics/Acoustical Society of America
Jagannathan, Srinivasan, Elizabeth T. Küsel, Purnima Ratilal, and Nicholas C. Makris. “Scattering from Extended Targets in Range-Dependent Fluctuating Ocean-Waveguides with Clutter from Theory and Experiments.” The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 132, no. 2 (2012): 680. © 2012 Acoustical Society of America.
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