Selectins Mediate Small Cell Lung Cancer Systemic Metastasis
Author(s)Heidemann, Franziska; Schildt, Anna; Schmid, Katharina; Bruns, Oliver Thomas; Riecken, Kristoffer; Jung, Caroline; Ittrich, Harald; Wicklein, Daniel; Reimer, Rudolph; Fehse, Boris; Heeren, Joerg; Lüers, Georg; Schumacher, Udo; Heine, Markus; ... Show more Show less
MetadataShow full item record
Metastasis formation is the major reason for the extremely poor prognosis in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients. The molecular interaction partners regulating metastasis formation in SCLC are largely unidentified, however, from other tumor entities it is known that tumor cells use the adhesion molecules of the leukocyte adhesion cascade to attach to the endothelium at the site of the future metastasis. Using the human OH-1 SCLC line as a model, we found that these cells expressed E- and P-selectin binding sites, which could be in part attributed to the selectin binding carbohydrate motif sialyl Lewis A. In addition, protein backbones known to carry these glycotopes in other cell lines including PSGL-1, CD44 and CEA could be detected in in vitro and in vivo grown OH1 SCLC cells. By intravital microscopy of murine mesenterial vasculature we could capture SCLC cells while rolling along vessel walls demonstrating that SCLC cells mimic leukocyte rolling behavior in terms of selectin and selectin ligand interaction in vivo indicating that this mechanism might indeed be important for SCLC cells to seed distant metastases. Accordingly, formation of spontaneous distant metastases was reduced by 50% when OH-1 cells were xenografted into E-/P-selectin-deficient mice compared with wild type mice (p = 0.0181). However, as metastasis formation was not completely abrogated in selectin deficient mice, we concluded that this adhesion cascade is redundant and that other molecules of this cascade mediate metastasis formation as well. Using several of these adhesion molecules as interaction partners presumably make SCLC cells so highly metastatic.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry
Public Library of Science
Heidemann, Franziska, Anna Schildt, Katharina Schmid, Oliver T. Bruns, Kristoffer Riecken, Caroline Jung, Harald Ittrich, et al. “Selectins Mediate Small Cell Lung Cancer Systemic Metastasis.” Edited by Andreas-Claudius Hoffmann. PLoS ONE 9, no. 4 (April 3, 2014): e92327.
Final published version