Performance-enhanced mesenchymal stem cells via intracellular delivery of steroids
Author(s)Ankrum, James Allen; Dastidar, Riddhi G.; Ong, Joon Faii; Levy, Oren; Karp, Jeffrey Michael
MetadataShow full item record
Inadequate immunomodulatory potency of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) may limit their therapeutic efficacy. We report glucocorticoid steroids augment MSC expression and activity of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), a primary mediator of MSC immunomodulatory function. This effect depends on signaling through the glucocorticoid receptor and is mediated through up-regulation of FOXO3. Treatment of MSCs with glucocorticoids, budesonide or dexamethasone, enhanced IDO expression following IFN-γ stimulation in multiple donors and was able to restore IDO expression in over-passaged MSCs. As IDO enhancement was most notable when cells were continuously exposed to budesonide, we engineered MSC with budesonide loaded PLGA microparticles. MSC efficiently internalized budesonide microparticles and exhibited 4-fold enhanced IDO activity compared to budesonide preconditioned and naïve MSC, resulting in a 2-fold improvement in suppression of stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells in an IDO-dependent manner. Thus, the augmentation of MSC immune modulation may abrogate challenges associated with inadequate potency and enhance their therapeutic efficacy.
DepartmentHarvard University--MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology
Nature Publishing Group
Ankrum, James A., Riddhi G. Dastidar, Joon Faii Ong, Oren Levy, and Jeffrey M. Karp. “Performance-Enhanced Mesenchymal Stem Cells via Intracellular Delivery of Steroids.” Sci. Rep. 4 (April 10, 2014).
Final published version