New Dirac points and multiple Landau level crossings in biased trilayer graphene
Author(s)Serbyn, Maksym; Abanin, Dmitry A.
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Recently a new high-mobility Dirac material, trilayer graphene, was realized experimentally. The band structure of ABA-stacked trilayer graphene consists of a monolayer-like and a bilayer-like pair of bands. Here we study electronic properties of ABA-stacked trilayer graphene biased by a perpendicular electric field. We find that the combination of the bias and trigonal warping gives rise to a set of new Dirac points: In each valley, seven species of Dirac fermions with small masses of order of a few meV emerge. The positions and masses of the emergent Dirac fermions are tunable by bias, and one group of Dirac fermions becomes massless at a certain bias value. Therefore, in contrast to bilayer graphene, the conductivity at the neutrality point is expected to show nonmonotonic behavior, becoming of the order of a few e[superscript 2]/h when some Dirac masses vanish. Further, we analyze the evolution of the Landau level spectrum as a function of bias. The emergence of new Dirac points in the band structure translates into new threefold-degenerate groups of Landau levels. This leads to an anomalous quantum Hall effect, in which some quantum Hall steps have a height of 3e[superscript 2]/h. At an intermediate bias, the degeneracies of all Landau levels get lifted, and in this regime all quantum Hall plateaus are spaced by e[superscript 2]/h. Finally, we show that the pattern of Landau level crossings is very sensitive to certain band structure parameters, and can therefore provide a useful tool for determining their precise values.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Physical Review B
American Physical Society
Serbyn, Maksym, and Dmitry Abanin. “New Dirac Points and Multiple Landau Level Crossings in Biased Trilayer Graphene.” Phys. Rev. B 87, no. 11 (March 2013). © 2013 American Physical Society
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